The Nipah virus disease is a newly emerging disease.It gets its name from Sungai Nipah, the Malaysian village where it was first founded in 1998. An outbreak shows that near about 300 people infected and around 100 people dead within a year by Nipah virus disease.To stop the outbreak, health department has euthanized many pigs.It resulted into a huge trade loss for Malaysia at the time. Now this Nipah virus is in Kerala.
The Nipah virus disease has already claimed 10 lives in the Indian state of Kerala, including a nurse who is 31 years old and was treating the infected. Here are answers some questions about the dangerous disease.
What is the cause of transmission of Nipah virus disease?
Recent works on Nipah Virus have shown that it is transmitted by direct contact with infected humans or domesticated animals, like cattle, pigs and cows. The consumption of contaminated fruits can also cause the disease. In 2004, the Nipah virus disease outbreaks in Bangladesh when people drank raw date palm sap. Researchers have found out that bat saliva and urine contaminated the fruit. .
The recent news about Nipah virus in Kerala is thought to have been caused by dead bats found in a well of a house in the village of Changaroth. The infection slowly spread among all family members and was passed on to others who had been in contact with the family.
What are the symptoms of Nipah virus disease?
Infection of the Nipah virus can result in an extreme inflammation of the brain, called encephalitis. The United States Centres for Disease Control and Prevention says, the incubation period is in between five to 14 days. The the first signs of infection generally appears between three to 14 days.
Common symptoms of Nipah virus disease include heavy fever, vomiting and headaches, also patients can experience acute respiratory syndrome.Disorientation, drowsiness and confusion of mind are also some of the major symptoms of the disease. The disease can cause coma and death within two days. The mortality rate of Nipah virus disease is 70 percent.
What are the treatment options of Nipah virus disease?
To date, there is no vaccine for the Nipah virus, neither for humans nor animals. The only treatment option is supportive and intensive care and love. Health workers are putting the affected people to quarantine to stop the spread of the disease.
This disease can spread from person to person. To counter this, health specialists are carrying out regular infection control protocols.
How can you protect yourself?
To protect yourself from infection, you should avoid exposure and contact with sick people, as well as domestic animals. They should also avoid taking raw date palm sap or other raw fruits.
As Nipah virus in Kerala is getting more dangerous, authorities are currently on high alert. They have set up medical camps to control the spreading of the Nipah virus in Kerala. They are also educating the common people by giving proper instructions. People should be aware and follow proper guidelines to avoid falling prey to the disease.