Organ donation is life saving service of rendering biological tissue or an organ to the human body. The organ can be donated from a living or a dead person to another living person in need of transplantation. Organ donation has saved and improved countless lives.
Blood donation and Eye donation are the commonly known organ donation to everyone. These are the donations that are commonly known among the people. Let us know the other organs that can be donated.
An organ donation is of two types. One is donating organ when one is alive and the other type is organ donation after death. The organs that can be donated when a human is alive are one of the Kidneys, a part of the liver, a part of the lung, a part of the intestine and a part of pancreas. As everyone knows blood donation can be donated when a person is alive.
The organs that can be donated after death are both the kidneys, Liver, Pancreas, the whole intestine and cornea.
One who is in good health condition and the person without health issues like Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Cancer, heart complaint, Sexually transmitted disease, hepatitis etc are perfectly eligible for organ donation when they are alive.
Age Limit to Donate Organs
Male or female who is between 18 – 60 years old is eligible for organ donation. The medical organizations expect people to take active part in the organ donation.
Even though it is said that anyone who is between the age 18 to 60 years with good health can donate organ, there are few rules and restriction to be followed by the individual to donate organ.
Will the organ transplanted work fine?
Usually our body has a characteristic that it does not accept anything that do not belongs or fit to it. The antibodies are the important cause for this issue. Therefore, when introducing new organs to our body, the antibodies are removed by Plasmapheresis. So this could not be ignored by our body. The organ newly added to our body will work fine without any issues.
Any Danger to the Donor in donating organs when alive?
Usually the donor does not get any side effect in donating organs. There will be few changes in the donor body.
Kidney Donor: When one donates a kidney, the other kidney works fine without any problem. Since the other kidney has to perform the job of two kidneys, it may vary in size. There are chances that the kidney may increase in size. Later it gets normal and involve in normal functioning. These changes will not affect the donor in a serious manner.
Liver Donor: If a part of liver is donated by a person, then the liver will grow by itself and function properly as usual.
Lung Donor: When comes to lungs, only a portion of it can be donated. This will not affect the whole lung. The other parts of the lung will function properly.
Blood Donor: In case of Blood donation, only certain amount of blood is taken from one’s body. Only 100 to 300 ml of blood will be taken from an individual in donation. This will not affect their metabolism. New blood cells will be formed to tally the donated blood in 3 or 4 days.
The blood donor should have not encountered problems like;
Low and high blood pressure
Should have not consumed alcohol,
Or other alcoholic stuffs
Should have not consumed antibiotics before donation.
The organs like retina of the eyes (cornea), Bone, Bone marrow, blood vessels, skin, heart, pancreas, liver and lung can be donated by person. A person can donate 25 kinds of organs and tissue to the needy. Any problem with bones and tissues can be replaced in human body. Any normal human can donate these organs.
In case of other organs like heart, liver, lung etc cannot be donated by everyone. A person in brain death or dying can donate these organs to the needy people.
The cells in the brain will go off without any function in 5 or 10 minutes when ones breath is stopped. The cells in the brain will be still damaged after 10 minutes. A person cannot be saved from death after 15 minutes of breath loss.
How the Organs are separated from Body?
Before taking an organ from one’s body, the organs that are to be separated from the body have to be cooled well and preserved. Chemical mixtures have to be introduced to the organ in order to process it for separation. The organ has to be kept in a high cooled mixture in order to avoid it drying. Non adulterated Ice bars can also be used for this purpose. The organ in placed in a cooled and sterilized container. The container will be filled with cold water and ice cubes. This will avoid drying of organs. But at the same time, the organs should not get freeze. Preservative compositions are used in the container to avoid freezing of the organs.
The organ donations save one from death bed. Think about the happenings to your dead body after your death. Instead of being buried inside the soil and become a prey for bacteria and worm, we can live in the world even after death. Make yourself useful to others who are in need to live.